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Buildings: Exterior painting/siding, structural integrity, presence of basic utilities, sanitary interior surfaces, light/ventilation, plumbing/electrical equipmentSites: Tall grass/weeds, garbage accumulation, grading/drainage, inoperable vehicles, parking in the grass.The City of Xenia currently utilizes an amended version of the 2012 International Property Maintenance Code published by the International Code Council. The code is located in Title 6 of Part 14 of the Xenia Codified Ordinances. Click here to access it!
The City believes that the best way to resolve a violation is through voluntary compliance, not by immediately sending a violation letter. A Code Enforcement Officer will generally first attempt to meet with or call the owner of a property with a violation and work with them to develop a plan and timetable for compliance. If the owner is financially disadvantaged, the Code Enforcement Officer will attempt to connect the owner with volunteer groups or grant programs if they are available (although grants are typically in short supply). If the owner refuses to comply, the Code Enforcement Officer will send a Notice of Violation. Exceptions to this process occur with tall grass and trash violations, which occur in such great numbers and must be addressed so quickly that City staff may not have time to call or visit a property owner. In these cases a notice will be mailed to the property owner. If the owner refuses to comply with the Notice of Violation, then one of two things will happen: If the City has the resources to bring the property into compliance (examples are tall grass and trash), the City will do so and invoice the costs to the property owner, along with an administrative fee of $150. If the City does not have the resources to abate the violation, the City will file charges against the owner through Xenia Municipal Court.
A CRA is a program authorized by the State of Ohio that allows a local government (like the City of Xenia) to offer real property tax abatements to incentivize new construction, expansion and rehabilitation in areas where there is a demonstrated need for reinvestment.
Building a new home, store or office or investing in renovations can make real property taxes go up. This is because improvements to a property increase the property’s value, and real property taxes are a percentage of the taxable real property value. A real property tax abatement in a CRA makes it possible for property owners to avoid all or a portion of the tax increase caused by the improvements over a 10-15 year period.
If you are a business, homeowner or landlord who would like to build, expand or substantially rehabilitate a building, a CRA real property tax abatement can result in a significant annual savings to you over a period of 10-15 years. The tax savings keeps more money in your pocket that you can invest in your project, other expenses, or savings. If you are someone who does not have plans to improve your property, you will indirectly benefit from the CRA program because it will encourage improvement of other Xenia properties as well as business attraction and expansion, which can improve the value of your property as well as Xenia’s general quality of life.
You must own a residential or business property within the CRA and do one of the following: (1) Undertake new construction of a commercial/industrial building or one or more residential units, or (2) Expand or rehabilitate an existing residential, commercial or industrial building to an extent that it increases the taxable real property value.
Below are the types and levels of tax abatements available:
Term length is to be negotiated on a case-by-case basis. It is important to note that projects must add substantially to the taxable real property value in order to realize significant savings through an abatement. Projects involving new construction, significant expansions, and major rehabilitation (i.e. gutting/reconstructing the interior of a building) will generally add substantial taxable value. Smaller remodeling projects, such as replacing a roof, windows, siding, flooring, appliances, cabinets or furnishings may not result in any change in taxable value.
Upon COMPLETION of your new construction, expansion or renovation project, fill out the online application and follow the online instructions. When you click “submit” it will be sent to the Planning and Zoning Department for processing. You can access the online application by
The City Planner will review residential applications, and the Economic Development Coordinator will review commercial/industrial applications, to ensure proper documentation has been submitted and will inspect the property to ensure that the application information is consistent with actual work completed. Commercial/industrial applications will additionally be forwarded to City Council for approval.
Once approved, the application will be forwarded with a certification to the County Auditor. The County Auditor will then make a final determination on the actual increase in taxable value generated by the new construction, expansion or renovation project. The Auditor will then apply the approved abatement to future tax bills.
No. A CRA tax abatement only applies to increases in real property taxes caused by improvements to a property. Pre-improvement real property taxes must still be paid.
Perhaps. You will still be responsible for paying pre-improvement real property taxes on the property, which could go up or down due to periodic County Auditor re-assessments or tax levies.
After a tax abatement expires, you will begin paying the full amount of real property taxes on both the pre-improvement and post-improvement value of a property.
Xenia is a diverse community which contains both growing and established areas. Some established neighborhoods and business districts have experienced increases in vacancy as well as a decline in property maintenance. These factors can discourage existing businesses and homeowners from expanding or continuing to invest in their properties. These factors can also discourage new businesses and homeowners from locating in or building in these areas. The CRA offers a tool to help existing and prospective property owners to overcome these obstacles to investment. The City will continue to monitor the progress of the program as well as conditions in other portions of the City and continuously evaluate whether the CRA should be expanded to include additional areas.
First and most importantly: Safety.
Pedestrian fatalities in traffic accidents are rising nationwide. According to the Governors' Highway Safety Association, the number of pedestrian fatalities increased by 27% from 2007 to 2016, while all other traffic deaths decreased by 14%. Pedestrian deaths as a proportion of total traffic accident deaths increased from 11% in 2007 to 16% in 2016.What can be done about this? Aside from slowing down and putting down our phones when we are driving, we can design our roadways to be safer for pedestrians, cyclists AND cars with safer intersections, pedestrian crossings, and dedicated spaces for cyclists. In pedestrian- and bike-intensive areas we can design roadways to SLOW DOWN traffic. A pedestrian is about 3.5 to 5.5 times more likely to be killed by a 40 m.p.h. car as compared with a 30 m.p.h. car.What does this mean for Xenia? With a confluence of four bike paths, two state highways, and dense development, downtown Xenia is a pedestrian, bike and car-intensive area. Our existing infrastructure does not effectively balance the safety needs of these various modes of travel. Below are specific problem areas that existed prior to the Downtown Safety Project:
Second, Xenia citizens asked for it.
In 2013 the City finished a lengthy process of reaching out to the community and seeking input from citizens on how the City should grow, improve, and change. This process culminated in X-Plan, a set of priorities and plans for the City's future. One of these priorities was to create a vibrant, bustling downtown that is safer and more inviting for pedestrians, bicyclists and motorists. Of specific interest to citizens in this process was the need to improve bike path connectivity to and through downtown. By making our downtown safer and more inviting for a diverse range of users, we create more opportunities for businesses to attract customers and thrive, and we create more reasons for people to live and visit downtown.
The City did not undertake this project INSTEAD OF other street projects. In fact, the City has ACCELERATED its citywide street rehabilitation program in recent years, and the Downtown Safety Project did not significantly impact this program.
The Downtown Safety Project is primarily grant-funded. The City received $1.35 million federal/state grants, covering 92% of the project cost. The City agreed to contribute $124,720 as a one-time expenditure.
Compare this to the $6.8 million in City dollars that have been spent citywide on rehabilitation of 72 lane-miles of streets since 2011. Furthermore, in 2018 alone the City has committed $1.2 million to citywide street repairs during 2018. These numbers do not include federal/state grants that the City has received for street rehabilitation, which can often more than double the total amount spent on Xenia streets in a given year. Click here for more information about the City's annual street program.
The two-way protected bike lane on Detroit St. essentially acts like a bike path next to the road, similar to what exists at the intersections of N. Detroit St. with Weaver St. and Kinsey Rd. It is also similar to a crosswalk. With the exception of the intersection of Detroit/Main, cyclists should treat all crosswalks the same way that pedestrians do: Cross on the "walk" signal after looking both ways and ensuring that traffic is stopped. Vehicles at these locations should always take care to ensure there are no pedestrians or bikes in the crosswalk.
At the Detroit/Main intersection, there is actually a bike signal on the west leg of the intersection, where the protected bike path crosses Main St. This signal, which is actuated by bikes approaching the intersection or by pressing a button, tells cyclists when it is safe to cross. At the same time, when the bike signal is green, all Main St. traffic and all southbound right and northbound left turning Detroit Street traffic is given a red light. This is an added measure that prevents vehicles from entering the crosswalk when cyclists are crossing.
The new parking spaces on the southbound side of Detroit Street between Church St. and Third St. are indeed unique, because instead of being against a curb they are against a white stripe. There is a striped buffer between the parking spaces and the bike lane, which allows enough space for vehicle passengers to open their doors without hitting a cyclist in the bike lane. Passengers walk across the bike lane to reach the sidewalk.
The new spaces may look different, but they are actually the same size (7 ft. wide, 20 ft. long) as the old parking spaces that existed on Detroit St. prior to the Downtown Safety Project, and existing on-street parking spaces on Main St. In fact, on-street parking is safer now because the southbound travel lane is 1-2 feet wider than the old travel lanes. This gives drivers and passengers more room to open their doors and avoid oncoming traffic.
In an effort to balance all users of a limited amount of space, the City has designated the northbound curb lane (east side of Detroit St.) between 2nd St. and Market St. as both a parking and a travel lane. Parking is permitted in this lane at all hours except 4:00 to 6:00 PM, which are the peak travel hours. This is intended to leave both lanes open to traffic during times in which the largest amount of traffic is trying to get through downtown Xenia. Traffic studies prior to the project showed that northbound traffic during this time period would face significant delays with only one northbound through lane.
Before this project, there were two southbound through lanes on Detroit St. from Church St. to approximately Hill St. A traffic study completed prior to this project showed that, even at peak travel times, reducing the number of southbound through lanes to one would not cause noticeable traffic delays. This is likely due to two factors: (1) Much of the traffic headed from southbound Detroit St. to westbound Main St. turns west on W. Church St., avoiding the widest section of Detroit St. altogether, and (2) US-68 is only two to three lanes wide throughout the majority of its length in Xenia. Many motorists using the old extra southbound lane were using it as a right turn lane at intersections.
Removing one of the southbound through lanes allowed the City to (1) have sufficient space for the protected bike lane, (2) have sufficient space to keep most on-street parking, which is a priority for downtown businesses, and (3) reduce the width of moving traffic that pedestrians must cross.
It is important to point out that traffic passing through downtown Xenia is not the only user of the Detroit Street right of way. Ultimately, the right-of-way must also serve vehicles parking in downtown Xenia, cyclists visiting or traversing downtown via the Little Miami Scenic Trail, and pedestrians walking through downtown. This is a delicate balance that, before completion of this project, was tilted toward traffic passing through downtown.
The green-painted crosswalks are simply intended to notify drivers that these crosswalks are part of a bike path, and to direct cyclists where they should cross a street. The legal implication of a green-painted crosswalk is no different than that of a white-painted crosswalk.
No. These are designed as back-in angled parking spaces. Drivers pull ahead of the space and back in at an angle. To exit the parking space, drivers pull ahead into the travel lane. This is considered to be the safest and most efficient form of on-street parking because it does not require multi-step maneuvers (like parallel parking spaces) and it does not require drivers to back up into a travel lane without the ability to see oncoming traffic (like head-in angled parking). These spaces were added in order to take advantage of previously unused pavement space and to benefit downtown businesses, visitors and residents.
The City agreed to change the angle at which the southbound right turn lane on N. Detroit St. approaches Church St., because under the previous alignment, motorists were having difficulty seeing oncoming traffic from Church St. (or northbound Detroit St. traffic turning left), resulting in crashes. The new configuration makes this movement safer for motorists, although it does make it more difficult for large semi trucks to make the turn. West Church Street is not intended to be a truck route, so truckers have the alternative of using the Detroit/Main intersection, which provides much more space for turning movements. The City will continue to monitor the situation and install signage on N. Detroit St. if necessary.
A new median and crosswalk has been installed at the intersection of S. Detroit St. and Hill St., allowing users of the Prairie Grass Trail (Ohio-to-Erie Trail) to cross Detroit St. and proceed directly up the hill to Xenia Station. Additionally, an existing median has been expanded to enhance a crosswalk where the Creekside Trail crosses West Main Street.
At both of these locations, new signage and rapidly flashing yellow lights have been added. Pedestrians and cyclists can push a button to activate these lights to warn drivers that they are crossing the street. The purpose of the lights and signage is to get drivers' attention and warn them that pedestrians or cyclists are attempting to cross the street. Drivers are not required by law to stop for these lights, but they are required to yield to pedestrians that are in the crosswalk. So pedestrians/cyclists should look both ways even when they activate these signals, to ensure the roadway is clear or that traffic is stopped. Drivers should slow down when they see these lights flashing and look for pedestrians/cyclists, and then stop to allow any pedestrians/cyclists to cross.
The new crosswalk at the intersection of N. Detroit St. and Market St. is a little different. Here pedestrians can press a button that activates an overhead yellow light, followed by a red light. The yellow light is a warning, and the red light legally requires vehicles to stop, just like a traffic signal. Pedestrians can then cross the street. The red light will then automatically turn off, at which point drivers are once again permitted to drive through the intersection.
Since our community has approved an aggregation program, you do not need to take any action in order to participate and get the negotiated supply price, unless you have previously signed up with an alternative supplier, or have previously opted out of the program.
You will have the opportunity to opt-out of the program if you decide not to participate. The supllier will send opt-out notices to all residents and eligible small businesses within our community. You will need to fill out and return the opt-out notice in order to be excluded.
You should continue to call your local utility company.
You can contact the City's energy consultant Palmer Energy at 419-491-1040, or call the Utility Billing Office at 937-376-7242 or visit the following website:
As noted below, 82 Ohio municipalities have income rates equal to or higher than the City of Xenia. As noted in other Q and A's in this section, the income tax revenue does not cover all the operational expenses for these services. The EMS Billing change was developed to keep from adding any additional tax burden to citizens. Some cities request an income tax increase and add personnel to address the rising call volume. Instead, the City of Xenia is trying to reduce the call volume (especially calls that are not emergencies) to avoid adding additional personnel and increasing taxes. For your information, the list of Ohio cities that have Income Tax Rates equal to or higher than Xenia as of 2022 according to Ohio.gov (click here) are as follows:
While the City of Xenia EMS Billing has a set rate, the collection of the funds will be based on what your insurance allows for billing. The adjusted rate will be what your insurance will be billed. If you have a copay through your insurance, you will be responsible for the copay. The City will only collect on the copay you would owe. If you have a deductible, you will be responsible for the unmet portion of your deductible at the time of billing. If you are self-pay, you will be responsible for the Medicare adjusted amount. Financial hardship requests will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis as directed in the policy.
For example: If you are billed $1,038 for a transport and your insurance adjusted rate is $550 and you have a $50 copay for transports, your insurance will pay $500 and you will owe $50. No additional amount will be billed or collected on. This is the same principle that you have when you visit your Doctor or urgent care.
The .5% income tax increase put in place in 2010 was necessary to maintain Citywide services at that time and to provide funding for capital improvement projects. Half of the increase (.25% income tax) was to help maintain Public Safety services. Public Safety Services include Police, Fire/EMS, and Dispatch. Since 2010, the number of EMS calls annually has increased from 3,470 in 2010 to 6,054 in 2022. Since 2010, the State of Ohio has significantly reduced the amount of local government funds received by the City of Xenia.
The City’s Income Tax revenue provides approximately $6 million annually into the Police and Fire (including dispatch, EMS) Fund. The Police and Fire fund has about $12 million in operational expenses annually to maintain police and fire operations at current levels. (This excludes fleet and capital purchases.) The difference is made up through a transfer from the General Fund, EMS Billing revenue, Contractual Services, Grants, and other miscellaneous revenues, which helps to maintain Police and Fire services as required by law.
The City is not required to provide Ambulance or EMS Services but chooses to offer these services to residents. Residents who utilize the service are expected to pay for the services they receive (similar to an Emergency Room Visit).
Yes. The City has met with and continues to meet with facilities who utilize EMS services. We are seeing a growing issue with transports from nursing homes/assisted living facilities. While we understand there are emergency transports from these facilities, we have seen a drastic increase from these facilities for non-emergency transports. The City Manager has developed a task force to come up with a plan to meet with these facilities to work with them and try to reduce the call volume. Part of this policy change includes charging fees to facilities when it is determined to be a non-emergency call. We have had meetings with many facilities and will continue to meet with them to address the problem.
Yes. The City will collect fees for all EMS services used. While we have some that are larger users of the EMS system, they will be billed for each transport.
No. The City is required to provide fire services and, therefore, is not able to charge residents to put out fires. However, the City will charge fees for chemical spills and multiple false fire alarms.
Under governmental aggregation, local officials can act on behalf of the community to negotiate a competitively priced natural gas rate from a certified natural gas supplier.
Residents of the community voted to give elected officials the ability to negotiate a natural gas supplier contract on behalf of the community. If you are a current participant in the aggregation program, you will receive notice of the new program rate, term, and conditions and will continue to be eligible. Newly eligible residents or businesses must receive an opt-out notice from Volunteer Energy and meet the following requirements:
“Opt-Out” means that you choose not to participate in the Aggregation Program. You can opt-out by returning the opt-out form included in your mailer, or by calling the phone number provided. If you opt-out, you will not be enrolled as a natural gas customer with Volunteer Energy and will not receive your community’s exclusive natural gas rate.
If you do not return the opt-out form or call the phone number by the designated deadline, you be will automatically included in the Aggregation Program and receive the negotiated rate for natural gas from Volunteer Energy.
As a program participant, you will continue to receive your billing from CenterPoint Energy (Vectren). Volunteer Energy will simply be listed on the bill as your natural gas supplier along with your aggregation program exclusive rate.
Enrollment in the program is free for eligible participants. Once enrolled in the program, you can cancel your agreement at any time without any fee.
Yes. The community has secured the same natural gas supply rate, terms and conditions for eligible customers who wish to join its Aggregation Program after the initial enrollment period. This includes customers who move into the community, customers who were with another supplier and wish to switch into the program, or customers who initially opted-out and want to join at a later date.
If you recently signed up with a natural gas supplier or if you believe you are on an older contract, carefully review the terms and conditions of that agreement before proceeding, as your ability to terminate early with that supplier may be restricted and could include cancellation fees.
At the end of the term, the community will rebid the term and price on behalf of residents. You will be notified of the outcome by the community and/or supplier of the new term.
To learn more: Contact the Greene County Historic District The Greene County Historic District
In accordance with Section 1903.31(G) of the Ohio Revised Code, the following monies will be paid into the General Fund of the City of Xenia, Ohio if not claimed by March 31, 2020. This list represents checks issued by the Civil Division of The Xenia Municipal Court that have not been claimed. This list represents checks issued by the Criminal Division of The Xenia Municipal Court that have not been claimed.
neXtPlan is an update of Xenia’s comprehensive plan - a community-based vision for future development and a road map of how to achieve the vision. It helps City leaders and others in the community make development-related decisions and take actions that benefit Xenia citizens now and in the future.
The plan includes the following key components: Analysis of existing community conditions and trends. An extensive public input process that allows citizens to help create/review the plan. Recommendations and strategies for future development and improvement in land use, housing, economic development, mobility, utilities, public safety, parks and recreation.
neXtPlan, or Xenia's comprehensive plan, helps Xenia become proactive. It identifies activities that public officials and private partners can undertake to proactively improve our community. It markets our community’s assets/opportunities both internally and externally.
The plan empowers citizens by allowing them to determine the community’s future – not just City staff or outside influences. It also educates the public and promotes their involvement in the City’s future. It builds consensus among citizens/businesses/leaders around a vision, helping to ensure that the private and public sectors are “rowing in the same direction.”
The comprehensive plan can leverage resources by helping the City prioritize actions and expenditures and target them strategically, maximizing bang for the buck. It also helps to identify funding sources (e.g. grants) and partnerships, and improves the City’s ability to pursue them.
This plan can guide decisions by providing detailed information that helps leaders anticipate community needs and expectations (short-term and long-term) when making funding or policy decisions. It establishes a rational, defensible basis for zoning decisions. Additionally, the plan helps developers/ businesses/property owners identify opportunities and gauge the success of pursuing them.
Absolutely! In fact, neXtPlan is citizen-driven.
First, a diverse group of residents and community leaders (called "neXTeam") has been convened to advise City staff on community involvement and issues to address.
Second, 477 Xenia residents participated in an online opinion survey in 2022-2023 to help identify the direction of neXtPlan. Check out the Xplore Report to see the responses plus other information.
Third, there are a whole series of meetings, activities at community events, and additional online participation opportunities planned, to engage Xenians in the creation of neXtPlan. Click here to see the schedule of neXtPlan events. This page will be continually updated as event dates/locations are finalized.
There is a $0.07 per page charge for a report; however, we waive the fee for a request involving 10 pages or less.
Additonally, Accident reports only are available online via the link. There is a fee of $3.00 or you can obtain a free copy at the records division.
Online Accident Reports
Inexpensive household smoke detectors sound an alarm, alerting you to a fire. By giving you time to escape, smoke detectors cut your risk of dying in a home fire nearly in half. Smoke detectors save so many lives that most states have laws requiring them in private homes.
We strongly suggest smoke detectors be installed inside every bedroom; this is a code requirement for new homes but older homes may need additional smoke detectors added. For the hearing impaired, there are smoke detectors that flash a strobe light in addition to sounding an audible alarm.
For extra protection, NFPA suggests installing additional detectors in dining rooms, furnace rooms, utility rooms, and hallways. Smoke detectors are not recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, garages, or attics and other unheated spaces – where cooking fumes, steam, humidity and temperature changes might affect a detector's operation.